Anorexia-cachexia syndrome a systemic response to cancer occurring as a result of a poorly understood relationship between anorexia and cachexia, manifested by malnutrition, weight loss, muscular weakness, acidosis, and toxemia. Anterior cord syndrome anterior spinal artery. Anterior interosseous syndrome a complex of symptoms caused by a lesion of the anterior interosseous nerve, usually resulting from a fracture or laceration. Anterior spinal artery syndrome localized injury to the anterior portion of the spinal cord, characterized by complete paralysis and hypalgesia and hypesthesia to the level of the lesion, but with relative preservation of posterior column sensations of touch, position, and vibration. Apert's syndrome acrocephalosyndactyly, type i ; an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by acrocephaly and syndactyly, often with other skeletal deformities and mental retardation. Asherman's syndrome persistent amenorrhea and secondary sterility due to intrauterine adhesions and synechiae, usually as a result of uterine curettage. Asperger's syndrome a pervasive developmental disorder resembling autistic disorder, being characterized by severe impairment of social interactions and by restricted interests and behaviors; however, patients are not delayed in development of language, cognitive function, and self-help skills.
dysfunction. Aldrich's syndrome wiskott-Aldrich. Allgrove's syndrome inherited glucocorticoid deficiency with achalasia and alacrima. Alport's syndrome a hereditary disorder marked by progressive nerve deafness, progressive pyelonephritis or glomerulonephritis, and occasionally ocular defects. Alström syndrome a hereditary syndrome of retinitis pigmentosa with nystagmus and early loss of central vision, deafness, obesity, and diabetes mellitus. Amnestic syndrome a mental disorder characterized by impairment of memory occurring in a normal state of consciousness; the most common cause is thiamine deficiency associated with alcohol abuse. Amniotic band syndrome see under sequence. Angelman's syndrome happy puppet. Angular gyrus syndrome a syndrome resulting from an infarction or other lesion of the angular gyrus on the dominant side, often characterized by alexia or agraphia. Ankyloblepharonectodermal dysplasiaclefting syndrome hay-wells.
Adams-Stokes syndrome episodic cardiac arrest and syncope due to failure of normal and escape pacemakers, with or without ventricular fibrillation; the principal manifestation of severe heart attack. Addisonian syndrome the complex of symptoms resulting from adrenocortical insufficiency; see. Addison's disease, articulação under disease. Adie's syndrome tonic pupil associated with absence or diminution of certain tendon reflexes. Adrenogenital syndrome a group of syndromes in which inappropriate virilism or feminization results from disorders of adrenal function that also affect gonadal steroidogenesis. Adult respiratory distress syndrome (ards) acute respiratory distress. Aec syndrome, hay-wells. Afferent loop syndrome chronic partial obstruction of the proximal loop (duodenum and jejunum) after gastrojejunostomy, resulting in duodenal distention, pain, and nausea following ingestion of food. Ahumada-del Castillo syndrome galactorrhea-amenorrhea syndrome with low gonadotropin secretion. Akinetic-rigid syndrome muscular rigidity with varying degrees of slowness of movement; seen in parkinsonism and disorders of the basal ganglia.
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Syndrome /syndrome/ (sin´drōm) a hengstig set of symptoms occurring together; the sum of signs of any morbid state; a symptom complex. See also entries under disease. Aarskog syndrome, aarskog-Scott syndrome a hereditary x-linked condition characterized by ocular hypertelorism, anteverted nostrils, broad upper lip, peculiar scrotal shawl above the penis, and small hands. Acquired immune machines deficiency syndrome, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome an epidemic, transmissible retroviral disease caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus, manifested in severe cases as profound depression of cell-mediated immunity, and affecting certain recognized risk groups. Diagnosis is by the presence of a disease indicative of a defect in cell-mediated immunity (e.g., life-threatening opportunistic infection) in the absence of any known causes of underlying immunodeficiency or of any other host defense defects reported to be associated with that disease (e.g., iatrogenic. Acute coronary syndrome a classification encompassing clinical presentations ranging from unstable angina through non, sometimes also including, q wave infarction. Acute radiation syndrome a syndrome caused by exposure to a whole body dose of over 1 gray of ionizing radiation; symptoms, whose severity and time of onset depend on the size of the dose, include erythema, nausea and vomiting, fatigue, diarrhea, petechiae, bleeding from the. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ards) fulminant pulmonary interstitial and alveolar edema, which usually develops within a few days after the initiating trauma, thought to result from alveolar injury that has led to increased capillary permeability. Acute retinal necrosis syndrome necrotizing retinitis with uveitis and other retinal pathology, severe loss of vision, and often retinal detachment; of viral etiology.
Epidural administration - wikipedia
This occurs when the small spinal canal, containing the nerve roots and spinal cord, becomes constricted or compressed. Cervical spinal stenosis is a degenerative condition of the upper region of the spine or neck. The bonati Spine Institute has a 30-year record of developing and performing innovative patented procedures to treat cervical spinal stenosis. Neck surgery c1 c2 fusion. Cervical spinal stenosis and tinnitus. C1 c2 fusion recovery. Can neck pain cause tinnitus.
Decompression laminectomy, which is the removal of a build-up of bony spurs or increased bone mass in the spinal canal, can free up space for the nerves limburg and the spinal cord. However, adequate decompression of the neural elements and maintenance of bony stability are necessary for a good surgical outcome for patients with spinal stenosis. Several studies report that surgical treatment produces better outcomes than non-surgical treatment in the short term. However, these results tend to deteriorate over time. In addition, lumbar decompressive surgery can be complicated by epidural hematoma, deep venous thrombosis, dural tear, infection, nerve root injury and recurrence prijs of symptoms.
Back cervical Spine Exercises Lumbar Spine Spinal Stenosis. Spinal stenosis exercises can help you get to or maintain a healthy weight. (Being overweight increases the amount of strain on the back and spine). As Cervical Spinal Stenosis will directly affect the spinal column and the vertebrate of the back, it should come as no surprise that the majority of patients will experience a moderate to severe discomfort when standing or walking. Spinal stenosis (or narrowing) is a common condition that affects many adults 50 yrs old and older.
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Typically, spinal stenosis is treated with conservative non-surgical therapies. One important therapy is exercise. Keeping the muscles of the hip, back, and normalwert legs toned allows for improved stability and will improve walking. Medications such as kapağı nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories (nsaids) also may be appropriate and helpful in pain relief. Cortisone injections into the epidural space, the area around the spinal cord, may provide temporary relief to people suffering from this disorder. Non-surgical spinal decompression therapy may help those with herniated or bulging discs, lateral canal stenosis, and facet syndrome. Under severe and rare circumstances, surgery to correct this disorder may be appropriate. In these severe cases, nerves to the bladder or bowel may be affected, leading to partial or complete urinary or fecal incontinence. If you experience either of these problems, seek immediate medical care!
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On the other hand, if the stenosis of the central canal is primarily from bulging discs, or herniated discs, then non-surgical spinal decompression may be very successful. Sometimes people are born with a smaller spinal canal. This is called "congenital spinal stenosis" and may become problematic at an earlier age. The risk of developing spinal stenosis increases in those who: Are born with a narrow spinal canal. Are female, are 50 years of age or older. Have had previous injury or surgery of the spine. Conditions that can bouwstoffen cause spinal stenosis include: Osteoarthritis and osteophytes (bone spurs) associated with aging. Inflammatory spondyloarthritis, spinal tumors, trauma, paget's disease of the bone, previous surgery. How is it treated?
This is usually very reproducible and is almost immediately relieved by sitting down or leaning over. When the spine is flexed forward, more space is available massage for the spinal cord, causing a reduction in symptoms. Spinal stenosis is usually caused by progressive degenerative changes in the spine. This is usually called "acquired spinal stenosis" and can occur from the narrowing of space around the spinal cord due to bony overgrowth (bone spurs) from osteoarthritis, combined with thickening or calcification of one or more ligaments in the back. Stenosis can also be caused by a bulge or herniation of the intervertebral discs. This must be differentiated from the stenosis caused by the bony overgrowth that can occur on the vertebral bodies, or facet joints. Spinal decompression therapy may not be appropriate in moderate to severe cases of spinal stenosis with many spurs and thickened ligaments.
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Spinal stenosis (or narrowing) is a common condition that affects many adults 50 yrs old and older. This occurs when the small spinal canal, containing the nerve roots and spinal cord, becomes constricted or compressed. This can lead to a number of problems, depending on which nerves are affected. In general, spinal stenosis can cause cramping, pain or numbness persoon in the legs, back, neck, shoulders and/or arms; a loss of sensation in the extremities; and sometimes, in rare cases, problems with bladder or bowel function. In general, spinal narrowing is caused by osteoarthritis, or "wear and tear" arthritis, of the spinal column. This results in a "pinching" of the spinal cord and/or nerve roots. People suffering from spinal stenosis may have trouble walking any significant distance, and usually must sit or lean forward over a grocery cart, countertop or assistive device such as a walker. Typically, a person with spinal stenosis complains about developing tremendous pain in the legs or calves and lower back after walking. Pain occurs more quickly when walking up hills.